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One important chord to understand when it comes to dominant 7ths is the alt chord. Note: The dominant 7 chord has the most alterations possible. They are generally used by jazz musicians, composers and arrangers as substitutions for diatonic chords for adding dissonance and spicing up the harmony. Jazz Chord Extensions & Alterations - Lesson Steps - The Jazz Chords Concept. They generally resolved to an inside chord as the I or a substitute as iii or vi. An altered note means a flat or sharp note which is not diatonic to the chord. Start Here! Besides Altered Scale, the scale is sometimes referred to as the Super Locrian scale. Chord symbols implying the altered scale are G7alt., G7#9, G7 b13 and I’m sure other variations exist. Also, the same as it was with the major 7, the 11th can be used with the dominant 7 as an alteration (#11). Let’s look at a Fmajor7 (9): F A C E G, if you take away the F you have the notes of an Am7 so if you apply that so f.ex a II V I in F major: You have the chords: Gm7, C7, Fmaj7 and you can use the arppegios Bbmaj7, Em7b5 and Am7 over them in you lines. Examples of altered dominant 7 chords include alterations to the ninth and fifth such b9, #9, b5, #5, etc. Possible alterations: b5, #5, b9, #9, #11, b13. The altered scale contains all four of the common altered notes ( b9-#9-b5-b13 ), which are used to create tension over the underlying chord when applying this scale to a soloing situation. The altered scale is used to solo over dominant 7th chords, both in major and minor keys. ... Altered Chord Grips. Lesson Map! Major Type Jazz Chord Extensions. Altered Dominant Chords What makes a dominant chord altered is when the 5th or 9th degree of the chord are raised or lowered by one half step. These alterations can be b 9,#9, b 5 (#11) and b 13 (#5). 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