Average demand in Ontario is currently 17,500 MW..  The task force also suggested that a long-term plan for generation and conservation was needed. Savings rebates which encourage Ontario residents to reduce their electricity use by installing energy efficient cooling and heating equipment. Furthermore, central planning, which seeks to improve economies of scale, has historically "led to a nearly universal strategy of rapid capacity expansion and promotion of demand growth, with little consideration of the necessity or efficiency of energy use".  As a public body, all Ontario Hydro projects, including the DSP, were subject to the province's Environmental Assessment Act.  Cuts to pay rates generated further controversy. The situation forced Ontario Hydro to dramatically reduce staff and transmission investments. As demand is communicated to a power system dispatcher, this least-cost operating principle requires the dispatcher to first employ plants with the lowest marginal costs. Considine, Timothy J., and Andrew N. Kleit. To address this gap, Ontario Hydro proposed building several additional nuclear and coal-fired generation plants. Biomass refers to organic matter from plants or animals that can be converted to energy. Demand response programs that offer consumers compensation for curtailing their electricity demand during specific times of day. Liberals Will Delay Closing Two Coal Plants Past 2009. In total, Ontario's coal plants emitted 14% (37,000 tonnes) of all NOx, 28% (154,000 tonnes) of all SO2, and 20% (495 kg) of all Hg (mercury) emissions in 2003, respectively. Ontario Ministry of Energy. Most applications for microFIT generation have been for solar energy. Brautigam, Tara.
2003. 2004. In Ontario, base load amounts to approximately 13,000 MW and is met by nuclear and hydroelectric power. Naing Win Oo and V. Miranda used intelligent agent simulation to show that in moving from a vertically integrated to a competitive electricity market, retail consumers were heavily disadvantaged and suppliers used this to steadily increase both prices and profits.  The OPA has therefore decided to use natural gas for two applications: (1) local area reliability and (2) system capacity. Based on their estimates of future demand, the OPA has recommended 1,820 MW as a target for peak demand reduction to be achieved by 2025. Hydroelectric stations can rapidly change their output and are typically used to adjust grid supply to match instantaneous demand. Operators are required to clean up and remediate the site; the Ministry of the Environment, Conservation and Parks verifies that this has been completed in an acceptable manner. For the econometrics software package, see. As such, the Government of Ontario has expressed little interest in increasing electricity imports from the United States. The Report of the Royal Commission on Electric Power Planning: Volume 1, Concepts, Conclusions and Recommendations, p.27; See also: Ontario Power Authority, Supply Mix Advice Report, Background Report, Volume 3. Ontario requires that every pipeline operator notify the Ministry of the Environment, Conservation and Parks Spills Action Centre and any municipality within the boundaries of an affected area in the event of a spill, unless the incident meets a set of specified conditions (e.g. Ontario Power Authority. A request for proposals was sent out by the OPA in 2005 for up to 1,000 MW of new cogeneration. This is because electricity is different from all other products in that it must be produced and distributed at the exact moment that it is consumed, and in that it is essential for the functioning of a modern, industrial nation. However, structural changes are occurring in the province's economy, particularly the decline of heavy manufacturing and increase in service and knowledge sectors, which will result in reduced industrial electricity demand overall. Hydropower currently accounts for approximately 21% of the current electricity supply in Ontario. They found nuclear power to be almost cost-comparable with coal generation. These plants can respond to changes in demand rapidly, but have higher operating costs.  Coal generators are expected to be replaced by new renewable energy and natural gas generation facilities, as well as conservation measures. When the market opened in May, wholesale prices averaged 3.01 cents per kWh. In fact, the rate of growth in electricity demand in Ontario has been in decline since 1950. As Don Dewees explains, investors in a competitive market will build new capacity when they expect to recover "all capital and operating costs from the expected markets price. Bioenergy from Sustainable Forestry: Guiding Principles and Practices. The Ontario Conservation Bureau is a governmental organization established by the Ontario government as a division of OPA in 2005. Pipeline companies are required to provide financial assurance that demonstrates their capability to respond to leaks and spills under the EPA. Ontario's new electricity market. TSSA investigates incidents in Ontario as required by regulation (i.e. On January 1, 2019, Ontario repealed the Green Energy Act. , New 'clean coal' technologies—such as Flue Gas Desulphurization (FGD) "scrubbers" for SO2 removal and Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) for NOX—can be used to reduce toxic releases, but have no effect on carbon emissions and are expensive to install. The utility did not pay taxes, nor was it intended to generate profits. The OPA defines sustainable development according to the definition agreed upon by the World Commission on Environment and Development's 1983 report, Our Common Future : "Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.  In other words, on average, Ontarians consume 12,750 kWh per person per year. Only 50 of these facilities are connected to the grid. 2006. , Ontario's coal plants emit large quantities of greenhouse gases and smog-causing pollutants each year. Over the next 20 years, it is expected that approximately 80% of the province of Ontario's existing electricity generation capacity will need to be replaced. You will not receive a reply.
In. The urban location of CHP plants makes them very compatible with clean-burning fuels such as natural gas. This includes establishing energy efficiency standards, including Energy Star standards for appliances and windows. According to the Ontario Power Authority, homeowners generating electricity receive a following share of contract price per kilowatt-hour:, Installation costs often exceed CA$50,000 and only about 9,000 projects have connected to the grid by late 2011 out of over 42,000 applicants. Moreover, they argue that competitive markets have the added advantage of being able to rely on the knowledge and expertise possessed by investors to generate a more rational assessment of the alleged merits of a given project..  Regulations and other tools needed to fully implement the legislation were introduced through the month of September 2009, as part of a ten step plan to bring the GEA to life. 2007. Ontario Ministry of Finance. Ontario Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing, Canadian Government's National Pollutant Release Inventory, Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reporting Program, Association of Power Producers of Ontario, http://www.ontla.on.ca/web/bills/bills_detail.do?locale=en&BillID=1079&isCurrent=false&ParlSessionID=37%3A3, http://www.energy.gov.on.ca/index.cfm?fuseaction=archives.news1&back=yes&news_id=188&backgrounder_id=214, http://cela.ca/pdf/energyreport-fullreport.pdf, http://www.energy.gov.on.ca/english/pdf/electricity/TaskForceReport.pdf, http://www.e-laws.gov.on.ca/DBLaws/Regs/English/040424_e.htm, http://www.e-laws.gov.on.ca/DBLaws/Regs/English/060276_e.htm, http://takeaction.greenpeace.ca/nuke_ea/index.php, http://www.energy.gov.on.ca/english/pdf/electricity/1870_IPSP-June132006.pdf, http://www.powerauthority.on.ca/Page.asp?PageID=122&ContentID=1139&SiteNodeID=139, http://www.oeb.gov.on.ca/documents/cases/EB-2006-0207/IPSP_report_final_20061227.pdf, www.uneprisoe.org/IRPManual/IRPmanual.pdf UNEP Collaborating Centre on Energy and Environment, http://www.nrcan-rncan.gc.ca/com/resoress/publications/peo/peo-eng.php, http://www.conservationbureau.on.ca/Storage/14/1959_OPA_Report_FactorAnalysis_Final.pdf, http://www12.statcan.ca/english/census/index.cfm, http://www.fin.gov.on.ca/english/budget/fallstatement/2006/06fs-papera.pdf, http://www.900chml.com/2016/08/11/ontarians-now-pay-the-highest-electricity-rates-in-north-america/, http://www.cela.ca/publications/cardfile.shtml?x=1843, http://www.sierraclub.ca/national/programs/atmosphere-energy/nuclear-free/phasing-out-nuclear.pdf, http://www.powerauthority.on.ca/Report_Static/1140.htm, http://www.pembina.org/pdf/publications/quickstart_Final_Apr0606.pdf, http://www.energy.gov.on.ca/opareport/Part%204%20-%20Consulting%20Reports/Part%204.2%20ICF%20Report%20on%20CDM%20Potential%20with%20appendices.pdf, http://www.e-laws.gov.on.ca/html/statutes/english/elaws_statutes_93e28_e.htm#BK73, http://www.ieso.ca/imoweb/pubs/marketReports/MarketYearReview_2005.pdf, http://cela.ca/newsevents/detail.shtml?x=2991, http://www.energy.gov.on.ca/index.cfm?fuseaction=english.news&back=yes&news_id=100&backgrounder_id=75, http://www.mei.gov.on.ca/en/pdf/electricity/coal_cost_benefit_analysis_april2005.pdf, http://www.powerauthority.on.ca/ipsp/Page.asp?PageID=924&ContentID=4049, http://www.cbc.ca/ontariovotes2003/features/platform_environment.html, http://www.energy.gov.on.ca/index.cfm?fuseaction=english.news&body=yes&news_id=100, https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/toronto/liberals-will-delay-closing-two-coal-plants-past-2009-1.611071, http://www.powerauthority.on.ca/Page.asp?PageID=122&ContentID=5256&SiteNodeID=139&BL_ExpandID=, Ontario's Electricity Is Officially Coal Free, http://www.ec.gc.ca/cleanair-airpur/Pollution_Sources/Electricity_Generation/Natural_Gas_Fired_Power-WS6A79F4D8-1_En.htm, http://www.epa.gov/cleanenergy/natgas.htm#footnote1, http://www.energy.gov.on.ca/index.cfm?fuseaction=oilandgas.naturalgas, http://www.energy.gov.on.ca/index.cfm?fuseaction=english.news&back=yes&news_id=134&backgrounder_id=105, http://www.powerauthority.on.ca/Storage/26/2145_CDM.pdf, http://www.powerauthority.on.ca/Page.asp?PageID=924&SiteNodeID=174, www.powerauthority.on.ca/ipsp/Storage/31/2715_DP4_Supply_Resources.pdf, http://www.cna.ca/pdf/CERI_LUEC_Report_August_27_2004-ed.pdf, http://www.pembina.org/pdf/publications/Nuclear_web.pdf, http://www.powerauthority.on.ca/ipsp/Storage/31/2715_DP4_Supply_Resources.pdf, http://www.energy.gov.on.ca/index.cfm?fuseaction=english.news&back=yes&news_id=134&backgrounder_id=102, http://www.powerauthority.on.ca/Page.asp?PageID=122&ContentID=4073, http://www.pembina.org/pubs/pub.php?id=166, http://www.powerauthority.on.ca/Page.asp?PageID=122&ContentID=4049, http://canwea.ca/wind-energy/installed-capacity/, http://www.esf.edu/willow/PDF/journals/Keoleian%20and%20Volk%20%202005.pdf, of Bioenergy to Canada.pdf http://www.canbio.ca/pdf/FactSheetBenefits%20of%20Bioenergy%20to%20Canada.pdf, http://www.energy.gov.on.ca/english/pdf/electricity/Atikokan_report_2006.pdf, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ontario_electricity_policy&oldid=961841519, Articles with dead external links from December 2010, Articles with dead external links from June 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from March 2017, Articles with dead external links from March 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.
Toronto Star: Science and Environment – Ideas, ID 7 February 9, 2008. Retrospective Analysis. Nuclear stations are limited in their capability to rapidly change their output. The latest figures, from 2005, reported in the Canadian Government's National Pollutant Release Inventory and the Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reporting Program, show that the Nanticoke Generating Station is the single largest emitter of greenhouse gases (CO2) (17,629,437 tonnes) and fifth largest emitter of air pollutants (107,689,470 kg) in Canada. The OEB ensures that pipeline operators comply with the province’s Oil and Gas Pipeline Systems Code Adoption Document, which contains all national standards issued by the Canadian Standards Association that are applicable to Ontario. In 1996, major questions arose regarding the status of Ontario's nuclear plants. This consumption is projected to remain stable.  Generating electricity from wind energy is considered cost-effective in southern Ontario because of closeness to transmission lines and load centres.. Data from the United States, for example, indicates that while Pennsylvania and Connecticut have fairly stable residential prices since restructuring, most other states have witnessed price increases after the year 2000. The heat is then used in local applications such as heating homes. Newfoundland and Labrador is planning to build two major generating stations, capable of generating roughly 2,800 MW on the Lower Churchill River in Labrador. , Natural gas is most commonly used for heating applications in homes and businesses but natural gas-fired power generation is also a significant component of the power supply mix, accounting for 8% of Ontario's power generation capacity, with 102 natural gas generating stations.  In theory, this particular aspect of deregulation should correct the systemic over-expansionary tendencies of centrally planned regimes.  The theoretical gains from restructuring are numerous. 2002. The OPA assessment reports a potential savings of 33% in this sector mainly in interior lighting and cooling retrofits. This target was based on "economically prudent" and "cost effective" conservation and renewables, and by setting a lower priority for both options in comparison to nuclear.  The Auditor General of Ontario released a report on 5 April 2007, criticizing the high costs associated with the Bruce Power refurbishment agreement. Transporting heat over long distances is impractical, so cogeneration plants are usually small and located close to the energy load. All pipeline operators must have world-leading contingency planning and emergency response programs. In order to supply such demand, Ontario counts on 31,000 MW of installed power capacity, broken down as follows: 37% nuclear, 26% renewable (including hydro-electric power), 16% natural gas and 21% coal. Industrial consumers account for approximately 28% of electricity consumed in Ontario. Certain areas of the Ontario distribution grid were also placed off-limits for development, due to load considerations.  Whereas planning under a market regime is profit-driven, central planning can ensure that Ontario's best interests are being attended to and not just the interests of private investors. "Sustainable and Socially Efficient Electricity Production: How Will Ontario Satisfy the Criteria?". , With the success of FIT programs, and in response to RESOP issues, a number of stakeholders suggested an expansion of the program with higher rates and various changes to the connection process to simplify the workload. Retrieved 5 April 2007. 2006.
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