Consequent to amendment, felling or transportation of bamboo growing in non-forest areas will not require any permits. And requires only projects in CRZ- 1 and CRZ-4 for clearance from Environment ministry leaving powers of clearance of CRZ-2 and CRZ-3 to state level. Constituted under wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 as amended in 2006, for strengthening tiger conservation. Chairman appointed by … It is an autonomous and statutory body for advisory and regulatory functions under government for conservation, sustainable use of resources and sharing of resources. It talks about degraded land and how it can be improved by afforestation activities using Public Private Partnerships models. prevent the infliction(Imposing) of unnecessary pain or suffering on animals. National forest policy (NFP) will be an overarching policy of forest Management, with the aim of bringing a minimum of one-third of India’s total geographic area under forest an tree cover. The lack of definition of forest has lead to ambiguity in many states over conservation of forest outside protected areas. The Ministry of Tribal Affairs is responsible for enforcement of the act. Land right of forest declared to be reserved forest and protected forests are typically acquired and owned by Government of India. Power is still vested with bureaucrats and forest officials and not with Gram Shaba according to this report. It lays down per-requisites for diversion of forest land for non-forest purposes. 1. Implements agenda of UN conference on human environment. ‘Gadgil Committee Report’ and ‘Kasturirangan Committee Report’, sometimes seen in the news, are related to (2016). sets up National Biodiversity Authority (NBA), State Biodiversity Board (SBB) and Biodiversity Management Committees
The act amend the definition of tree to remove word Bamboo. The National Biodiversity Authority (NBA) was established in 2003 to implement India’s Biological Diversity Act (2002) The NBA is a Statutory, Autonomous Body regulatory and advisory function for the GOI on issues of- conservation, sustainable use of biological resources. For the first time in India, Baigas have been given Habitat Rights. (b) It no longer exists in the wild, a few individuals are under captive protection; and now it is impossible to prevent its extinction. It lays down standard norms for housing, upkeep health are and overall management of animals in zoo as laid down under Recognition of Zoo Rules, 1992. But environmentalists claim that draft notifications has opened up fragile inter-tidal areas to real estate agents and favour large scale industry at the cost of fishing communities. The purpose of the declaration of Eco-Sensitive Zones is to prohibit all kinds of human activities, in those zones except agriculture. The National Biodiversity Authority (NBA) is a statutory autonomous body under the Ministry of Environment, Forests and climate change, Government of India established in 2003 to implement the provisions under the Biological Diversity Act, 2002, after India …
Unit 6 - Global Initiatives for Environment | UPSC notes, Unit 4 - Environmental conventions | UPSC notes, Unit 5 - International Organisation for Environment Conservation | UPSC notes.
According to which, only 123 villages fall under ESA purview. This was also uphold by Supreme court in Niyamgiri mining case, the right of the Dongria kondh Tribes to give or withhold their consent to the mining operations. The act does not even define the Forest or Forest Land but define forest produce. MOFFCC issued EIA notification, 2006 under relevant provisions of environment (Protection) Act, 1986. 2. 51A – It shall be the Fundamental Duty of every citizen to protect and improve the natural environment including forest as wildlife. 2002 – Punishment was made harsher – 3 years of imprisonment and/or ₹ 25,000 fine. regulate environmental pollution, laying down procedures and standards for industrial waste, emissions, hazardous waste. It mandates biodiversity management committees to prepare People’s Biodiversity Register in consultation with local people.
‘Critical wildlife habitat’ are areas within national park or wildlife sanctuary that is required to kept ‘inviolate’ for the purpose of wildlife conservation. They provide for protection and improvement of human environment and prevention of hazards to human livings, living creatures, plants and property. The Scheduled Tribes and other Traditional forest Dwellers (Recognition of forest rights) Act, 2006. Protected forest = The State Government is empowered to constitute any land other than reserved forests as protected forests over which the Government has proprietary rights. Regarded by UNESCO as World Heritage Site and is one of the eight “Hottest hot-spots” of biological diversity in the world. As per Section 8(4) of the Act, the NBA consists of a Chairperson, five non-official and ten ex-officio members to be appointed by the Central Government to represent various Ministries. To Act empowers state governments to designate air pollution areas and to prescribe the type of fuel to be used in these designated areas.
Constituted in September 1974 under the Water (Prevention and control of Pollution) Act, 1974. It is a statutory organisation. It also encourages to tap funds from other areas like rural development, tribal affairs, national highways, railways, mines, power, etc.. Q6. Unit 2 – Threats to Ecosystem | UPSC notes, 3.
MoEFCC committee to redefine Indian forest Act, 1927. It would also lead to loss in revenue of State Governments due to ban in thermal power plants and mining along these region. Widespread reports early this year that the post of the chairperson of the National Biodiversity Authority (NBA) had been reserved for secretary in the ministry of environment and forests, V Rajagopalan, following the resignation of B Pisupati in January this year seems to be coming true. Rural and Urban localities, that all outside CRZ 1 and 2.
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