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Ocean plants are rarely talked about, but with 70 percent of the world covered in water, they play a vital role in oxygenating oceans around the world, protecting certain species of aquatic animals from predators and outside elements (including human activities), and helping animals thrive by being their primary food source. Characteristics of the Open Ocean Biome How is the Open Ocean Biome important to humans? As the largest biome, the open ocean covers over 45% of Earth’s surface. Click for more detail. Over 26 species have been discovered, the most common in the Indian Ocean is Eelgrass. Discussion Threads about this plant. Common Types of Ocean Plants. Examples of organisms living in this zone are plankton, floating seaweed, jellyfish, tuna, many sharks and dolphins. ... Nearly all primary production in the ocean occurs here. In the case of the deep open ocean, organisms never even see sunlight. Students, volunteers and staff are often seen working on a variety of projects here. Not only does the Open ocean have a major impact on the worlds climate but the biome of the ocean has an interesting climate of its own. Many open ocean organisms live out their existence without ever coming into contact with the shore, the seafloor, or the water’s surface. Things that live here must have a way to float or swim A majority of the life is found in the photic zone, or where sunlight shines through Areas around the equator receive much more direct Be sure to stop by the Sea Jelly Lab and see what's growing in this open husbandry lab. Nutrients and trace elements, especially iron, are at vanishingly low concentrations in much of the open ocean, and iron limits photosynthetic production over large regions of the ocean . But compared to the coast, the open ocean is sparsely populated, almost like an ocean desert. The oceanic zone is the deep open ocean beyond the continental shelf. the open ocean: Plants and animals in the indian ocean. Plant life: Sea grass: Various species of seagrasses are some of the most significant species of true plants in the Indian Ocean. In the pelagic zone the temperature may be as high as 97º fahrenheit 36º C in the persian gulf, and as cold as 28º F -3ºC near the poles. Open Ocean : The vast open ocean and deep sea are home to delicate jellyfish, light-producing animals, and other organisms ranging from the beautiful to the bizarre. The Well of Life. They often grow in areas relatively sheltered from rough seas, like estuaries and bays. (Basically plants may photosynthesize in this zone. In these regions, the ratio of PSII to iron-rich PSI is lower than it is in ironreplete regions . They spend their entire lives surrounded by water on all sides and do not know that anything else even exists. On land sunlight is important for plants and animals because it provides energy for plants to live. Consequently, plants and animals are largely concentrated in this zone. 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