memphis, tn population
I-240 is the inner beltway which serves areas including Downtown, Midtown, South Memphis, Memphis International Airport, East Memphis, and North Memphis. [64] Dr. Jeff Wallace of the University of Memphis noted that the problem was related to decades of segregation in government and schools. For several decades, the Memphis metro area has had the highest percentage of black population among the nation's large metropolitan areas. By 1870, Memphis's population of 40,000 was almost double that of Nashville and Atlanta, and it was the second-largest city in the South after New Orleans. The Mississippi Valley recorded 120,000 cases of yellow fever, with 20,000 deaths. The month-long series of events promotes Memphis's heritage and outreach of its people far beyond the city's borders. [128] Interstate 69 is a proposed interstate that, upon completion, would connect Memphis to Canada and Mexico. Following passage of the Voting Rights Act of 1965, civil rights activists challenged the at-large is electoral system in court because it made it more difficult for the minority to elect candidates of their choice; at-large voting favored candidates who could command a majority across the city. QuickFacts data are derived from: Population Estimates, American Community Survey, Census of Population and Housing, Current Population Survey, Small Area Health Insurance Estimates, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates, State and County Housing Unit Estimates, County Business Patterns, Nonemployer Statistics, Economic Census, Survey of Business Owners, Building Permits. The state legislature established a cap rate. Nearly all of Memphis's upper and middle classes vanished, depriving the city of its general leadership and class structure that dictated everyday life, similar to other large Southern cities such as New Orleans, Charleston, and Atlanta. The St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, leading pediatric treatment and research facility focused on children's catastrophic diseases, resides in Memphis. The city was named after the ancient capital of Egypt on the Nile River, itself named Memphis in Greek after the Egyptian name Mennefer for the Pyramid complex of pharaoh Pepi I. Notable bands and musicians include Big Star, Chris Bell, Alex Chilton, Tommy Hoehn, The Scruffs, and Prix.[89][90]. Their population fell to about 15,000 by 1870,[29] 37.4% of the total population of 40,226. Memphis is well known for its cultural contributions to the identity of the American South. Large hail, strong winds, flooding and frequent lightning can accompany these storms. "[18]:71, In 1795 the Spanish Governor-General of Louisiana, Francisco Luis Héctor de Carondelet, sent his lieutenant governor, Manuel Gayoso de Lemos, to negotiate and secure consent from the local Chickasaw so that a Spanish fort could be erected on the bluff; Fort San Fernando De Las Barrancas was the result. A large volume of railroad freight moves through Memphis, because of its two heavy-duty Mississippi River railroad crossings, which carry several major east-west railroad freight lines, and also because of the major north-south railroad lines through Memphis which connect with such major cities as Chicago, St. Louis, Indianapolis, Louisville, New Orleans, Dallas, Houston, Mobile, and Birmingham. Individual health insurance marketplace insurers are limited, with Bright Health and Cigna offering coverage in the area. Union ironclad gunboats captured it in the naval Battle of Memphis on June 6, 1862, and the city and state were occupied by the Union Army for the duration of the war. [31] A massive panic ensued. Greater Memphis is the 42nd-largest metropolitan area in the United States, with a population of 1,348,260 in 2017. Memphis is home to Delta Medical Center of Memphis,[147] which is the only employee-owned medical facility in North America. Memphis, Tennessee: Memphis and Shelby County Health Department, 1964. "The Memphis Riots of 1866: Terror in a black community during Reconstruction", "City of Memphis Website – History of Memphis", Michael Lollar, "Yellow fever left mark on Memphis; historians disagree on impact", Richard Lentz, "Dr. King Is Slain By Sniper: Looting, Arson Touched Off By Death", "Tennessee – Race and Hispanic Origin for Selected Cities and Other Places: Earliest Census to 1990", "Merger of Memphis and County School Districts Revives Race and Class Challenges", "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001), Memphis city, Tennessee", "Annexations and De-Annexations | Shelby County, TN - Official Website", "Eads and River Bottoms will be de-annexed from Memphis, added to Shelby Co", "Memphis Light, Gas, and Water Website – About Our Services", "ThreadEx [Long-Term Station Extremes for America], Version 10.1, released 2 April 2015", National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, "Climate Normals and Records - National Weather Service Memphis, TN", "WMO Climate Normals for MEMPHIS/WSCMO AP TN 1961–1990", "Memphis (city) QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau", "Census data: Memphis ranks as poorest city in United States", Jimmie Covington, "Memphis Region's Demographic Trends/ Advance", "Bird's eye view of the city of Memphis, Tennessee 1870", "History of the Orthodox Congregations of Memphis", "Muslims in Memphis: Diversity in the mosque", "TBI: Memphis has strong decline in crime rate", "Stats about all US cities - real estate, relocation info, crime, house prices, cost of living, races, home value estimator, recent sales, income, photos, schools, maps, weather, neighborhoods, and more", "Operation Blue C.R.U.S.H. The current coach of the Memphis Tigers is Anfernee Hardaway. He said that it was a low-cost job market, but other places in the world could offer cheaper labor, and the workforce was undereducated for today's challenges.[64]. The area has seemed on a path to become the nation's first metro area of one million or more with a majority black population. Martin Luther King Jr. gave his noted "I've Been to the Mountaintop" speech in April 1968, the night before he was assassinated at his motel. The Memphis area is also home to many private, college-prep schools: Briarcrest Christian School (co-ed), Christian Brothers High School (boys), Evangelical Christian School (co-ed), First Assembly Christian School (co-ed), St. Mary's Episcopal School (girls), Hutchison School (girls), Lausanne Collegiate School (co-ed), Memphis University School (boys), Saint Benedict at Auburndale (co-ed), St. Agnes Academy (girls), Immaculate Conception Cathedral School (girls), and Elliston Baptist Academy (co-ed). Mud Island Amphitheatre - concert venue. The Memphis International Film and Music Festival is held in April; it is in its 11th year and takes place at Malco's Ridgeway Four. Different vintage years of estimates are not comparable. Memphis is also home to Regional One Healthcare,[146] which is locally referred to as "The Med". The festival was designed to celebrate the arts, history, culture, and diversity of the African diaspora. Memphis has a significant history in pro wrestling. For historical population data, see: History of Memphis, Tennessee. "Memphis: Cotton Fields, Cargo Planes, & Biotechnology", in, This page was last edited on 30 October 2020, at 16:17. Jerry "The King" Lawler and Jimmy "The Mouth of the South" Hart are among the sport's most well-known figures who came out of the city. By the early 20th century, Memphis had two major passenger railroad stations, which made the city a regional hub for trains coming from the north, east, south and west. "[108], The defendants' expert, Todd Donovan, did not think that polarized voting as revealed for political candidates meant that "African-American voters and white voters have polarized interests when it comes to referendum choices on government administration, taxation, service provision and other policy questions. A number of seminaries are located in Memphis and the metropolitan area. [116], Examples of Colleges and Universities in Memphis, Tennessee, Nielsen Media Research currently defines Memphis and its surrounding metropolitan area as the 51st largest American media market.[122]. The vast majority died of yellow fever, making the epidemic in the city of 40,000 one of the most traumatic and severe in urban U.S. history. [37] Although commission government was retained and enlarged to five commissioners, Democratic politicians regained control from the business elite. [18]:75,71, The Spanish dismantled the fort, shipping its lumber and iron to their locations in Arkansas. The referendum was controversial in both jurisdictions. (Crime Reduction Using Statistical History), which targets crime hotspots and repeat offenders.

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