list of sanctions against iran

Restricting or banning direct or indirect imports of goods, services, or technology into the U.S. from the sanctioned person. Iran’s investment in developing its cyberwarfare capabilities fits into Iran’s national security strategy that reli… https://t.co/hLgybOYjIl, In fact, Iranian law de facto deters most rape victims from reporting their assault. Washington and Brussels will keep the terms of the JPA in effect until the IAEA has verified that Iran has followed through on an agreed-upon set of steps to limit its nuclear program, which will likely come several months after the July 14 agreement. Under this law, the House and Senate foreign relations committees have sixty days to review the agreement, during which time the president cannot loosen the sanctions regime.

“For non-petroleum transactions, from February 29 [2012] the law requires the president to punish private banks that ‘knowingly conducted or facilitated any significant financial transaction with the Central Bank of Iran’ or other blacklisted entities.”, “For oil-related transactions, from June 28 [2012] the law allows the president to sanction foreign banks that carry out financial transactions ‘for the purchase of petroleum or petroleum products from Iran’ provided several conditions are met.”. On December 31, 2020, at 11 PM, all exiting EU sanctions will be, “Limit the foreign-exchange transactions of more than 100 people and Iranian entities.”, “Step up inspections of suspicious cargo to and from Iran; put those blacklisted on a travel ban.”, “Limit investments in Iran's gas and oil refinery industries.”, “The sanctions target Bank Mellat, the Revolutionary Guard, and the Islamic Republic of Iran Shipping Lines, among other entities.”. Since 2006, the UN Security Council has adopted a number of resolutions requiring Iran to stop enriching uranium with nuclear proliferation purposes. Sanctions related to sponsorship of terrorism and human rights abuses were not affected by the nuclear deal. U.S. sanctions against Iran come in three forms: legislation by Congress, executive orders by the president, and other regulations by the executive branch. The Congressional Research Service (CRS) offers an in-depth look at the U.S. and international sanctions regimes on Iran. In 2010, the EU substantially strengthened its sanctions regime, bringing it into line with U.S. measures by blocking European institutions from transacting with Iranian banks, including its central bank, and restricting trade and investment with the country’s energy and transport sectors, among others. The U.S. is not the only country to institute sanctions against Iran. Find out more about documents and publications. In early 2016, under the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPoA) the majority of the EU's economic and trade sanctions against Iran were lifted including the wide ranging EU sanctions relevant to the oil and gas sector. Crippling Iran sanctions around the corner, but what will EU do? That year, the United States designated Iran a state sponsor of terrorism. The Iranian Revolution in 1979 ushered in a clerical regime, and international concerns that Iran was pursuing a nuclear weapon resurfaced the following decade as the Islamic Republic fought a grinding, eight-year war with Saddam Hussein’s Iraq, which had a nuclear program of its own. This Arms Control Association chart explains the terms of the Joint Plan of Action and tracks the P5+1’s and Iran’s compliance with it. These sanctions have caused unemployment and inflation rates to skyrocket, devastating Iran’s economy. The United States, the United Nations, and the European Union have levied multiple sanctions on Iran for its nuclear program since the International Atomic Energy Association (IAEA), the UN’s nuclear watchdog, found in September 2005 that Tehran was not compliant [PDF] with its international obligations. We use cookies in order to ensure that you can get the best browsing experience possible on the Council website. These suspicions continued into the mid-1990s, when President Bill Clinton’s administration levied sanctions on foreign firms believed to be enabling a nuclear-arms program. Exit polls indicate socialist candidate Luis Arce will become Bolivia’s next president.

In such instances, even if China and Russia objected, they could not block the restoration of sanctions. by Paul J. Angelo These sanctions are poised to be lifted within five and eight years, respectively, though they could be lifted sooner with an IAEA declaration that Iran’s remaining nuclear program serves solely civilian purposes. To have engaged in censorship or activities banning, limiting, or penalizing Iranians’ freedom of expression or assembly or limiting their access to media; To have provided support to the aforementioned activities or to any persons whose property or property interests are seized due to sanctions for the aforementioned activities; Requires the President to impose at least five out of a menu of sanctions on persons who knowingly involve themselves in joint petroleum-development ventures outside of Iran in which “the Government of Iran is a substantial partner or investor” or “Iran could, through a direct operational role in the joint venture or by other means, receive technological knowledge or equipment not previously available to Iran that could directly and significantly contribute to the enhancement of Iran's ability to develop petroleum resources in Iran”; Requires the President to impose at least five out of a menu of sanctions on persons who knowingly “sells, leases, or provides to Iran goods, services, technology, or support that could directly and significantly contribute to the maintenance or enhancement of Iran's (i) ability to develop petroleum resources located in Iran; or (ii) domestic production of refined petroleum products, including any direct and significant assistance with respect to the construction, modernization, or repair of petroleum refineries or directly associated infrastructure, including construction of port facilities, railways, and roads” whose the primary use is “to support the delivery of refined petroleum products.”, Requires the President to impose at least five out of a menu of sanctions on a person who “is a controlling beneficial owner of, or otherwise owns, operates, or controls, or insures, a vessel that, on or after the date that is 90 days after the date of the enactment of the.
Negotiators devised a unique mechanism to guard against the possibility that Russia or China, who have shielded Iran from punitive Security Council actions in the past, might block the restoration of sanctions in the event of Iranian noncompliance with a council veto. Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act, a death penalty for any international bank, blocked no+nhumanitarian financial assistance, substantially strengthened its sanctions regime, public demands for increased domestic spending, unlikely to experience an immediate windfall, unpacks presidential and congressional authorities, former U.S. sanctions official Richard Nephew. The press office is the first point of contact for all media requests.

Denying any specific license or other specific permission or authority required to export or reexport goods or technology to the sanctioned person; Barring agencies from procurement or contracting for procurement from the sanctioned person; Barring U.S. financial institutions from making loans or providing credits above $10 million in any 12-month period to the sanctioned person; Banning any foreign-exchange transactions under U.S. jurisdiction that involve the sanctioned person; Banning any credit transfers or payments involving the sanctioned person that are subject to U.S. jurisdiction; Freezing all property or property interests of the sanctioned person; and. The United States spearheaded international efforts to financially isolate Tehran and block its oil exports to raise the cost of Iran’s efforts to develop a potential nuclear-weapons capability and to bring its government to the negotiating table. Banning the opening and banning or strictly conditioning the maintenance of payable-through or correspondent accounts by, or freezing all property or property interests of, foreign financial institutions that knowingly conducted or facilitated significant transactions regarding the purchase or sale of Iranian rials or contracts whose value are based on the rial’s exchange rate, or maintained significant funds or accounts outside Iran that were denominated in the rial; Freezing the property and property interests of any person found to have “materially assisted, sponsored, or provided financial, material, or technological support for, or goods or services to or in support of, any Iranian person included on the [U.S. State Department’s] list of Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons”; Banning the opening, and banning or strictly conditioning the maintenance, of payable-through or correspondent accounts by foreign financial institutions that knowingly conduct or facilitated significant transactions for any Iranian person included on the [U.S. State Department’s] list of Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons or for the sale, supply, or transfer to Iran of significant goods or services used in connection with Iran’s automotive sector; Denying Export-Import Bank guarantees, insurance, extension of credit, or participation in such an extension for export of any goods or services to the sanctioned person; Denying any specific license or other specific permission or authority required to export or re-export goods or technology to the sanctioned person; Taking “such actions as they deem appropriate” by the Federal Reserve’s chairman and the president of the New York Federal Reserve Bank, including denying or terminating designation of the sanctioned person “as a primary dealer in U.S. government (USG) debt instruments”; Barring the sanctioned person from serving as a USG agent or a repository for USG funds; Barring agencies from procurement or contracting for procurement from the sanctioned person; and, Denying a visa and excluding from the U.S. “a corporate officer or principal of, or a shareholder with a controlling interest in, a sanctioned person.”.

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