list of first nations in canada

tribes was the Sekani, who dwelt on the eastern slopes of the Rockies in what is now northern Alberta.

The Coast Salish were found on the eastern coast of Vancouver Island and on the mainland just opposite, from Bute Spurred by a series of 1970s court challenges attacking the legality of this loss of status for First Nations women, the government consulted with First Nations leaders across the country on how best to amend the Act. Many groups asked that these "wide and discretionary" powers be vested in First Nations chiefs and councillors on reserves so that they themselves could determine the criteria for band membership and manage their own funds and reserve lands. Starting in the 1820s, colonial administrators undertook many initiatives aimed at "civilizing" First Nations. This Act made the government the guardian of all Crown lands, including Indian Reserve lands. This deep respect that First Nations cultivated for every thing and every process in the natural world was reflected in songs, dances, festivals and ceremonies. The concept of enfranchisement (the legal act of giving an individual the rights of citizenship, particularly the right to vote) also remained a key element of government policy for decades to come. As part of the wider review of how Canada dealt with First Nations claims, AANDC created a companion policy to Comprehensive Claims that addressed claims of a more specific nature.

Rallying around this concept, First Nations leaders argued that their people were entitled to all the benefits of Canadian citizenship, in addition to special rights deriving from their unique and historical relationship with the Crown.

This message was repeated later that year during the Sacred Assembly, a national conference chaired by Elijah Harper, which called for a national holiday to celebrate the contributions of Aboriginal peoples. For the principles that guided their day-to-day conduct, many First Nations shared value systems similar to the Seven Grandfather Teachings of the Anishnaabe peoples. Following its study, the committee stated in its report that this right was inherent to all First Nations and should be entrenched in the Constitution alongside Aboriginal and treaty rights.

Plains First Nations' tipi poles were usually made from long slender pine trees. To provide for times of hardship, the people dried large stores of meat, fish and berries during the summer. For the most part, First Nations people are Status or Treaty Indians registered with their home reserve, band or community. The Nisga'a Final Agreement of 2000 was the first modern treaty in British Columbia.
Statistics Canada

In Northern Quebec, a proposed hydro-electric project in the James Bay region announced in 1971 became a focal point for Cree and Inuit protests. The Treaty of Paris in 1763 ended more than 150 years of European competition and conflict. Each group referred to themselves by a specific name in their own language.
With an exclusive monopoly and a charter for all the lands of the Hudson Bay watershed, the HBC traded with the First Nations of what is now Northern Quebec, Ontario and Manitoba.

For winter travel, all First Nations built some form of snowshoe with a wood frame and rawhide webbing. Through this new policy, Aboriginal rights and title would be transferred to the Crown by an agreement that guaranteed defined rights and benefits for the signatories (i.e.

An 1880 amendment, for example, declared that any First Nations member obtaining a university degree would be automatically enfranchised. On June 13, 1996, after considerable consultation with Aboriginal organisations, June 21st was officially declared National Aboriginal Day. Under Sir William Johnson's direction, the Indian Department acted as an intermediary between the military and First Nations leaders, securing lands for forts; assuring access to trade, furs and goods; issuing yearly presents; and organizing peace conferences. Such practices and polices, when combined with racism, acts of  To provide land for new settlers' farms, the pace of land surrenders increased. Nevertheless, a combination of military and diplomatic missions enabled Johnson and the Indian Department to establish peaceful, if somewhat uneasy relations with the various First Nations of the Interior. Inuit. Massive forests of red cedar along the Pacific Coast allowed the First Nations who lived in this part of the country to build huge homes. The vast food resources of the ocean—salmon, shellfish, octopus, herring, crabs, whale and seaweed—made it possible for Pacific Coast First Nations to settle in permanent locations.

Southwestern New Brunswick In 1990, the Assembly of Manitoba Chiefs leader Phil Fontaine called on the government and the churches involved with residential schools to acknowledge and address the decades of abuse and mistreatment that occurred at these institutions.

Ottawa and used “First Nations” for the first time in their Declaration of the As such, Aboriginal rights and title could not be fully relinquished to the Crown. Not all parties, however, were happy with the Company's monopoly over some of the richest fur territories in North America. Alexander First Nation: PO Box 3419, MORINVILLE AB T8R 1S3: 780-939-5887: 780-939-6166: Alexander First Nation: 26. From Statistics Canada. In this way, the government hoped to abolish what it saw as a false separation between First Nations and the rest of Canadian society. The Assiniboine and Sioux spoke languages belonging to the Siouan family. Bellegarde declared that “The findings of this report are shameful and underscore the urgent need to invest in First Nations children, families and communities. The Ojibway occupied a large territory encompassing all the northern shores of Lake Huron and Lake Superior from Georgian Bay to the edge of the Prairies, They formed complex social, political, economic and cultural systems before Europeans came to North America. These names may be problematic, as some have ne…


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