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The environmental conditions of earth, including the climate, are determined by physical, chemical, biological, and human interactions that transform and transport materials and energy. La science du système Terre, en anglais Earth system science, est une discipline scientifique intégrant diverses études académiques dans le but de comprendre la Terre, considérée comme un système et constituée de l'atmosphère, de l'hydrosphère, de la lithosphère et de la biosphère [1].Le nom de géophysiologie, proposée par James Lovelock, y est synonyme. (Jickells, et al, 2005). is the study of the interconnected components of our environment—the atmosphere, hydrosphere, lithosphere, cryosphere, and biosphere—and how they interact to produce an integrated whole. This is the "earth system": a highly complex entity characterized by multiple nonlinear responses and thresholds, with linkages between disparate components. Data gathered by these spacecraft will enable improved predictions of climate, weather, and natural hazards. Earth System Science . The examination of the interactions is accomplished by asking oneself the following questions: 1. How may each of the earth's four spheres (hydrosphere, atmosphere, lithosphere, and biosphere) have caused … Earth system science is conducted by examining each event sphere and sphere sphere interaction; this approach is referred to as an "Earth system science analysis" or an "ESS analysis." Earth System Science . Earth system science embraces chemistry, physics, biology, mathematics and applied sciences in transcending disciplinary boundaries to treat the Earth as an integrated system and seeks a deeper understanding of the physical, chemical, biological and human interactions that determine the past, current and future states of the Earth. Earth System Science employs a constellation of more than 18 Earth observing satellites that routinely make measurements with over 80 remote sensing instruments to observe the Earth. Remote Sensing in Earth Systems Sciences is a quarterly scientific journal that publishes articles featuring the use of remote sensing data to study Earth processes. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences (HESS) is a not-for-profit international two-stage open-access journal for the publication of original research in hydrology. Earth system science (ESS) is the application of systems science to the Earth. This information is used to analyze, model, and improve our understanding of the Earth system.

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